Which states will legalize marijuana in 2024?

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In the ever-evolving landscape of marijuana legalization, the year 2024 holds great potential for new advancements. While federal legalization may not be on the immediate horizon, the progress made by individual states is undeniable. With Ohio becoming the 24th state to legalize adult-use marijuana, nearly half of all US states have now gone green. Additionally, 38 states have legalized medical marijuana. As we enter the new year, the question arises: which states will legalize marijuana in 2024? This article explores the potential candidates, their specific measures, and where these campaigns currently stand. Let’s dive in and see what the future holds for cannabis legalization.

Florida

Overview

Which states will legalize marijuana in 2024?

In Florida, there is currently a legal battle over the fate of a legalization voter initiative. The organization Smart & Safe Florida has raised $40 million for a campaign to put a measure on the 2024 ballot, with most of the funds coming from the MMJ dispensary franchise Truelieve. The measure, if passed, would legalize holding up to 3 ounces of marijuana and up to 5 grams of concentrate. However, opponents of the ballot measure believe it violates a single-subject requirement for such initiatives. The state Supreme Court heard arguments on the case in November and is expected to make a decision by April 1.

Current status

The fate of the legalization voter initiative in Florida is currently under review by the state Supreme Court. The court must decide whether the measure violates the single-subject requirement for initiatives. The decision is expected to be made by April 1.

Potential legalization measures

If the legalization voter initiative in Florida is approved by the state Supreme Court, it will move forward to the 2024 ballot. If passed by voters, the measure would legalize holding up to 3 ounces of marijuana and up to 5 grams of concentrate.

Hawai’i

Overview

In Hawai’i, there is a pro-legalization governor, but lawmakers in the state House recently blocked a legalization bill (SB 669). The bill had passed in the state Senate with near-unanimous support. Legislative sessions in Hawai’i last two years, so there is still hope that advocates can revive SB 669 in 2024. If passed, the bill would allow medical dispensaries to become recreational stores, add a 10% sales tax and a 10% excise tax, and legalize the possession of 1 ounce of marijuana and home cultivation.

Current status

The legalization bill SB 669 was blocked by lawmakers in the state House after passing in the state Senate. Advocates are hopeful that they can revive the bill in 2024 and continue pushing for legalization in Hawai’i.

Potential legalization measures

If SB 669 is revived and passed in Hawai’i, it would allow medical dispensaries to become recreational stores, add a 10% sales tax and a 10% excise tax, and legalize the possession of 1 ounce of marijuana and home cultivation.

Idaho

Overview

Idaho currently has some of the most strict marijuana laws in the country. However, activists with Kind Idaho are working to gather 63,000 signatures by April to put a medical marijuana legalization measure on the 2024 ballot. The measure, if passed, would legalize the possession of up to four ounces of marijuana, allow for home cultivation, and add a 4% excise tax. Additionally, it would establish an extensive list of qualifying conditions for medical marijuana use.

Current status

Activists in Idaho have until April to gather enough signatures to put a medical marijuana legalization measure on the 2024 ballot. The success of this effort will depend on the support and participation of the community.

Potential legalization measures

If the medical marijuana legalization measure in Idaho is successful, it would legalize the possession of up to four ounces of marijuana, allow for home cultivation, and establish an extensive list of qualifying conditions for medical marijuana use.

Kentucky

Overview

In Kentucky, medical marijuana has already been legalized. Governor Andy Beshear signed the bill into law in March, and the state will be accepting licenses and setting up the program in 2024, with a planned launch on January 1, 2025.

Current status

In Kentucky, the legalization of medical marijuana has already been signed into law. The state will now focus on accepting licenses and setting up the program in preparation for the planned launch in 2025.

Potential legalization measures

No additional legalization measures are currently being pursued in Kentucky since medical marijuana has already been legalized.

Nebraska

Which states will legalize marijuana in 2024?

Overview

Advocates in Nebraska are working to put a medical marijuana initiative on the 2024 ballot. They have until July to gather 87,000 signatures for two separate measures. One measure would add legal protections for patients, while the other would require the state to set up regulations for a medical marijuana program.

Current status

Advocates in Nebraska are in the process of gathering signatures for two separate medical marijuana measures. The success of these efforts will depend on the support and participation of the community.

Potential legalization measures

If the two medical marijuana measures in Nebraska gather enough signatures and are approved, one measure would add legal protections for patients, while the other would require the state to set up regulations for a medical marijuana program.

Pennsylvania

Overview

In Pennsylvania, lawmakers have been unable to pass a bill to legalize marijuana, despite having a vocal pro-legalization senator and a pro-legalization governor. The main obstacle has been the reluctance of enough Republicans to support a bill, while Democrats have been unable to unite behind a single proposal.

Current status

In Pennsylvania, the legalization of marijuana has not been successful despite the efforts of pro-legalization lawmakers. The main challenge has been the lack of support from enough Republicans and the inability of Democrats to unite behind a single proposal.

Potential legalization measures

The potential for legalization in Pennsylvania will depend on the ability of lawmakers to overcome the challenges and reach a consensus on a legalization bill that can garner enough support from both parties.

South Dakota

Overview

In South Dakota, legalization advocates are determined to push for marijuana legalization despite setbacks. In 2020, the state voted to legalize both adult-use cannabis and medical marijuana, but the adult-use measure was overthrown by the governor. Then, a separate measure failed at the ballot box in 2022. Now, two separate groups of activists are gathering signatures to put separate legalization measures on the 2024 ballot.

Current status

Legalization advocates in South Dakota are currently gathering signatures for two separate legalization measures. The success of these efforts will depend on the support and participation of the community.

Potential legalization measures

If the two separate legalization measures in South Dakota gather enough signatures and are approved, they would legalize both adult-use cannabis and medical marijuana in the state.

Maryland

Overview

In Maryland, there are currently no active efforts to legalize marijuana. However, the state has a medical marijuana program in place, which allows for the use of medical cannabis by qualifying patients.

Current status

In Maryland, the focus is on the existing medical marijuana program, which allows qualifying patients to access medical cannabis. There are currently no active efforts to legalize marijuana beyond medical use.

Potential legalization measures

The potential for marijuana legalization in Maryland will depend on whether there are future initiatives or campaigns to push for broader legalization beyond the existing medical program.

New York

Overview

In New York, adult-use cannabis has already been legalized. The state passed a bill in 2021 to legalize recreational marijuana, allowing for the possession, cultivation, and sale of cannabis for adult use. The newly established regulatory framework is currently being implemented.

Current status

In New York, the focus is on implementing the regulatory framework for the newly legalized adult-use cannabis. The state is working on setting up licenses and regulations for cultivation, distribution, and retail sales.

Potential legalization measures

No additional legalization measures are currently being pursued in New York since adult-use cannabis has already been legalized.

New Mexico

Overview

In New Mexico, both medical marijuana and adult-use cannabis have been legalized. The state has a well-established medical marijuana program and passed a bill in 2021 to legalize recreational marijuana. The regulatory framework for adult-use cannabis is currently being developed.

Current status

In New Mexico, the focus is on implementing the regulatory framework for the newly legalized adult-use cannabis. The state is working on setting up licenses and regulations for cultivation, distribution, and retail sales.

Potential legalization measures

No additional legalization measures are currently being pursued in New Mexico since both medical marijuana and adult-use cannabis have already been legalized.

In conclusion, while the status of marijuana legalization varies across different states, there are ongoing efforts and potential measures to legalize both medical and recreational marijuana in several states. Advocates, lawmakers, and communities continue to work towards the goal of expanding access to cannabis and shaping the future of marijuana legalization in the United States.

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