Reclassification of Cannabis: The US. DEA Launches Review


Hey there! Guess what? The US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is taking a closer look at the reclassification of cannabis. That’s right, they’re conducting a review to determine whether cannabis should be moved from a Schedule I substance to a Schedule III substance. The DEA has asserted its “final authority” in making this decision, which is part of a scheduling review process initiated by President Biden last October. Although they haven’t provided any specifics about their stance or a timeline for the review, this announcement has already made a big impact. In fact, it caused a surge in US cannabis stocks, like Cresco Labs, Curaleaf, and Trulieve. So, sit tight and let’s see where this review takes us!


The US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has recently commenced a review to determine the reclassification of cannabis. This review comes as part of a broader scheduling review process initiated by President Biden in October 2022. The DEA, as the governing body responsible for regulating controlled substances in the United States, holds the final authority over this decision. The reclassification of cannabis would have significant implications for its legality and regulation within the country.

DEA’s Final Authority

The DEA stands as the ultimate decision-maker when it comes to the scheduling of substances. With the power vested in them by the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) of 1970, the DEA has the authority to list and reschedule controlled substances. This authority allows the DEA to adapt to evolving scientific and medical understanding surrounding these substances, determining the appropriate level of regulation and control. Historical examples, such as the rescheduling of opioids and psychedelics, demonstrate the DEA’s exercise of this decision-making power.

Scheduling Review Process

The US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) Launches Review of Cannabis Reclassification
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The scheduling review process, put forth by President Biden, provides the framework for the DEA’s current review into cannabis reclassification. This process seeks to reevaluate the scheduling of substances and assess their potential medical value, abuse potential, and public health considerations. The objectives and scope of the review are aimed at ensuring the accuracy and appropriateness of substance categorization. Several government agencies, including the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), collaborate in this process.

Recommendation by HHS

As part of the scheduling review process, the HHS conducted a comprehensive study on cannabis. Their findings and analysis led them to recommend reclassifying cannabis from a Schedule I to a Schedule III substance. The HHS cited evidence of the therapeutic potential of cannabis, its relatively low abuse potential, and the necessity for further research. This recommendation is supported by public health implications, as it could facilitate expanded access to medical cannabis for patients in need.

Review Launch and Timeline

The US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) Launches Review of Cannabis Reclassification
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The DEA has initiated the review of cannabis reclassification, but as of yet, has not disclosed a specific timeline or provided insight into its stance on the matter. The announcement of the review, however, had an immediate impact on the stock market. Numerous US cannabis stocks experienced a surge, with companies like Cresco Labs, Curaleaf, and Trulieve witnessing substantial increases in their stock prices. The lack of a specified timeline for the review has left investors and industry stakeholders speculating on the potential duration and subsequent outcomes.

DEA’s Position

Currently, cannabis is classified as a Schedule I substance under the DEA’s categorization. Schedule I substances are considered to have a high potential for abuse and no accepted medical use in the United States. The DEA’s position on reclassification remains undisclosed at this point. Several factors may influence the DEA’s ultimate decision, including scientific evidence, public opinion, political considerations, and the agency’s assessment of the potential benefits and risks associated with reclassification.

Impact on Cannabis Stocks

The announcement of the DEA’s review had an immediate impact on the cannabis industry, particularly on stock prices. The spike in US cannabis stocks following the news reflects the investor excitement and anticipation surrounding the potential reclassification of cannabis. Companies such as Cresco Labs, Curaleaf, and Trulieve experienced significant increases in their stock prices, indicating investors’ confidence in the industry’s future prospects. The fluctuations in stock prices highlight the impact regulatory decisions can have on the financial performance of cannabis companies.

Future Implications

The US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) Launches Review of Cannabis Reclassification
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The reclassification of cannabis could have far-reaching consequences for various aspects of its use, regulation, and research. From a medical standpoint, reclassification may expand access to cannabis-based medications, potentially benefiting patients suffering from various medical conditions. The shift in legal status may also impact the recreational cannabis market, potentially leading to increased oversight and regulation. Furthermore, reclassification could have implications for research and development, enabling scientists to conduct more comprehensive studies on cannabis’s therapeutic potential. The international community may also take note of the DEA’s decision, potentially sparking discussions and comparisons regarding cannabis regulation across different countries.


The DEA’s ongoing review of cannabis reclassification holds significant implications for drug policy, the cannabis industry, and patients who may benefit from expanded access to medical cannabis. Although the DEA has asserted its final authority over the decision, the outcome of the review remains uncertain. The recommendations put forth by the HHS, the impact on cannabis stocks, and potential future implications all contribute to the relevance and importance of this review. As the process unfolds, it will be essential to monitor developments and consider the potential impact on the various stakeholders involved.



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